Once temperatures begin to rise, the winter ice warms and undergoes thermal expansion until it reaches the melting point. As the ice expands laterally towards the shoreline, it can cause extensive damage to docks, retaining walls, seawalls and at times, even homes. This effect is known as ‘ice push’ or ‘ice shove’. Although damaging enough on its own, high winds across these bodies of water only magnify the damage even more. With strength being priority one, the most effective materials to use in these types of climate conditions have been traditionally steel sheet piling and concrete. Although superior in strength, there are drawbacks to using these materials.